IKEA TRÅDFRI modules

Support for the IKEA TRÅDFRI modules. More...

Detailed Description

Support for the IKEA TRÅDFRI modules.

Overview

The IKEA TRÅDFRI is a small board found in different IKEA TRÅDFRI products. The board contains an EFR32 microcontroller and a 2MBit SPI NOR Flash.

More information about the module can be found on this GitHub page.

Hardware

MCU EFR32MG1P132F256GM32
Family ARM Cortex-M4F
Vendor Silicon Labs
Vendor Family EFR32 Mighty Gecko 1P
RAM 32.0 KiB (1.0 KiB reserved)
Flash 256.0 KiB
EEPROM no
Frequency up to 38.4 MHz
FPU yes
MPU yes
DMA 12 channels
Timers 2x 16-bit + 1x 16-bit (low power)
ADCs 12-bit ADC
UARTs 2x USART, 1x LEUART
SPIs 2x USART
I2Cs 1x
Vcc 1.85 V - 3.8 V
Datasheet Datasheet
Manual Manual

Module versions

There are currently two types of modules available. The older module is labeled ICC-1 and the newer one ICC-A-1. The main difference, is that pin PF3 is now used to enable the SPI NOR Flash, and not exposed anymore.

Pinout

Pin 1 is on the top-left side with only 6 contacts.

PIN PIN
16 RES
15 PF3
PA0 1 14 PF2
PA1 2 13 PF1
PB12 3 12 PF0
PB13 4 11 PC11
GND 5 10 PC10
3V3 6 9 PB14
8 PB15
7 GND

Note**: On the ICC-A-1 module, PF3 is not exposed anymore.

Peripheral mapping

Peripheral Number Hardware Pins Comments
ADC 0 ADC0 CHAN0: internal temperature Ports are fixed, 14/16-bit resolution not supported
HWCRYPTO AES128/AES256, SHA1, SHA256
RTT RTCC 1 Hz interval. Either RTT or RTC (see below)
RTC RTCC 1 Hz interval. Either RTC or RTT (see below)
SPI 0 USART1 MOSI: PD15, MISO: PD14, CLK: PD13
Timer 0 TIMER0 + TIMER1 TIMER0 is used as prescaler (must be adjecent)
1 LETIMER0
UART 0 USART0 RX: PB15, TX: PB14 Default STDIO output
1 LEUART0 RX: PB15, TX: PB14 Baud rate limited (see below)

User interface

Peripheral Mapped to Pin Comments
LED LED0 PB13
LED1 PA1

Implementation Status

Device ID Supported Comments
MCU EFR32MG1P yes Power modes supported
Low-level driver ADC yes
Flash yes
GPIO yes Interrupts are shared across pins (see reference manual)
HW Crypto yes
I2C yes
PWM yes
RTCC yes As RTT or RTC
SPI partially Only master mode
Timer yes
UART yes USART is shared with SPI. LEUART baud rate limited (see below)
SPI NOR Flash IS25LQ020B yes 2MBit flash. Can be used with the the MTD API.

Board configuration

UART selection

By default the UART peripheral is used for the TX/RX pins, however the pinout is compatible with LEUART also. You can switch from UART to LEUART by compiling with EFM32_USE_LEUART=1.

Note**: LEUART is not working on the ICC-1 module.

Clock selection

There are several clock sources that are available for the different peripherals. You are advised to read AN0004.1 to get familiar with the different clocks.

Source Internal Speed Comments
HFRCO Yes 19 MHz Enabled during startup, changeable
HFXO No 38.4 MHz
LFRCO Yes 32.768 kHz
ULFRCO No 1 kHz Not very reliable as a time source

The sources can be used to clock following branches:

Branch Sources Comments
HF HFRCO, HFXO Core, peripherals
LFA LFRCO, LFXO Low-power timers
LFB LFRCO, LFXO, CORELEDIV2 Low-power UART
LFE LFRCO, LFXO Real-time Clock and Calendar

CORELEDIV2 is a source that depends on the clock source that powers the core. It is divided by 2 or 4 to not exceed maximum clock frequencies (EMLIB takes care of this).

The frequencies mentioned in the tables above are specific for this starter kit.

It is important that the clock speeds are known to the code, for proper calculations of speeds and baud rates. If the HFXO or LFXO are different from the speeds above, ensure to pass EFM32_HFXO_FREQ=freq_in_hz and EFM32_LFXO_FREQ=freq_in_hz to your compiler.

You can override the branch's clock source by adding CLOCK_LFA=source to your compiler defines, e.g. CLOCK_LFA=cmuSelect_LFRCO.

Low-power peripherals

The low-power UART is capable of providing an UART peripheral using a low-speed clock. When the LFB clock source is the LFRCO or LFXO, it can still be used in EM2. However, this limits the baud rate to 9600 baud. If a higher baud rate is desired, set the clock source to CORELEDIV2.

Note:** peripheral mappings in your board definitions will not be affected by this setting. Ensure you do not refer to any low-power peripherals.

RTC or RTT

RIOT-OS has support for Real-Time Tickers and Real-Time Clocks.

However, this board MCU family has support for a 32-bit Real-Time Clock and Calendar, which can be configured in ticker mode or calendar mode. Therefore, only one of both peripherals can be enabled at the same time.

Configured at 1 Hz interval, the RTCC will overflow each 136 years.

Hardware crypto

This MCU is equipped with a hardware-accelerated crypto peripheral that can speed up AES128, AES256, SHA1, SHA256 and several other cryptographic computations.

A peripheral driver interface is proposed, but not yet implemented.

Usage of EMLIB

This port makes uses of EMLIB by Silicon Labs to abstract peripheral registers. While some overhead is to be expected, it ensures proper setup of devices, provides chip errata and simplifies development. The exact overhead depends on the application and peripheral usage, but the largest overhead is expected during peripheral setup. A lot of read/write/get/set methods are implemented as inline methods or macros (which have no overhead).

Another advantage of EMLIB are the included assertions. These assertions ensure that peripherals are used properly. To enable this, pass DEBUG_EFM to your compiler.

Pin locations

The EFM32 platform supports peripherals to be mapped to different pins (predefined locations). The definitions in periph_conf.h mostly consist of a location number and the actual pins. The actual pins are required to configure the pins via GPIO driver, while the location is used to map the peripheral to these pins.

In other words, these definitions must match. Refer to the data sheet for more information.

This MCU has extended pin mapping support. Each pin of a peripheral can be connected separately to one of the predefined pins for that peripheral.

Flashing the device

To flash, SEGGER JLink is required.

Flashing is supported by RIOT-OS using the command below:

make flash

To run the GDB debugger, use the command:

make debug

Or, to connect with your own debugger:

make debug-server

Some boards have (limited) support for emulation, which can be started with:

make emulate

Supported Toolchains

For using the Silicon Labs STK3600 starter kit we strongly recommend the usage of the GNU Tools for ARM Embedded Processors toolchain.

License information

Silicon Labs' EMLIB: zlib-style license (permits distribution of source).

Files

file  board.h
 Board specific definitions for the IKEA TRÅDFRI modules.
 
file  gpio_params.h
 Board specific configuration of direct mapped GPIOs.
 
file  periph_conf.h
 Configuration of CPU peripherals for the IKEA TRÅDFRI modules.